How it began …
Imagine: you are a chemistry teacher at a school for secondary education. Your students work in groups on complex assignments, but you are not completely satisfied about the results of that teamwork. And then your son-in-law, Mark Reijn becomes scrummaster and you hear his enthusiastic stories… That is how it began.
How it continued …
Willy Wijnands, chemistry teacher at Ashram College (secondary education in Alphen aan den Rijn, the Netherlands) has been using an educational version of scrum since september 2011: eduScrum. They incorporate scrum into their lessons, to give students the opportunity to study more energetic and more effective. Using eduScrum also stimulates students to develop their strength as a team player.
Team work starts in their lessons with an introduction about confidence and an activity in which students talk about their personal capabilities and soft skills like punctuality, leadership capabilities, planning skills etc. After that, they form groups of four, set up to have additional capabilities. In this way, individual strengths in a team make individual weaknesses less relevant. Subsequently, they work in groups on the assignments of the context-rich chemistry module from a detailed sprint schedule.
Teacher: ‘I have indicated the number of time points per assignment (one point equals 10 minutes) and requested them to make an individual schedule. They have discussed those schedules and processed them into a group schedule. When I pointed out that I also wanted to do some whole-class teaching, they told me there was no time for it and that I should have announced it earlier. Wonderful, that much ownership. But they have to be in for it, because they have to learn to cope with unexpected events in their schedule.’
Group of four students, almost simultaneously: ‘This work is more pleasant in a group rather than individual. It is possible to ask each other questions and divide the tasks, which saves time. We have divided the experiments, because they are a good deal of work. But today we work in groups of four during the entire lesson, because these assignments are very important and everyone should understand them. That is why we work together, it is something we have thought about during planning.’
Every group starts the lesson with a short scrum. This way they know what they have to do and where they stand to each other. A subsequent step is to learn them to call each other to account, in case a group does not function optimal. The first step to achieve this is a short but effective evaluation, executed by the groups themselves. Confidence is the key theme in this evaluation.
Boy: ‘Our group consist of two boys and two girls. A group is useful when the group members co-operate. We’re fine in our group. Everyone takes his or her responsibility.’
Girl from the same group: ‘Everybody is contributing in our group. We have committed ourselves to do the work and we all are living up to it. We do our own tasks, and also work together. We do not study alone, if one of us does not understand, we explain to each other instead of asking the teacher. The information we have found we share with our group.’
From a scrum perspective this might be trivial, but from a traditional educational perspective (focussing on the individual cognitive training) this is very special.
The plans for the future …
Willy Wijnands and the eduScrum team wil further develop eduScrum and to hand it over to other teachers later.